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|ซิลิค่อน siH liH khaawnF|
|IPA||síʔ líʔ kʰɔ̂ːn|
|Royal Thai General System||silikhon|
|ซิลิคอน||siH liH khaawnM|
| [noun, proper noun, formal, loanword, English]|
[chemistry] Silicon, Si, atomic number 14, a tetravalent nonmetallic element that occurs combined as the most abundant element next to oxygen in the earth's crust and is used especially in alloys and electronic devices. By doping its lattice with certain impurities, a semiconducting material is formed which is the basis for modern electronics.