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กันดาร  ganM daanM
contents of this page lack
2.[is] deprived of; lacking

Royal Institute - 1982
กันดาร  /กัน-ดาน/ {Pali: กนฺตาร}
[วิเศษณ์] อัตคัด, ฝืดเคือง, ลำบาก, แห้งแล้ง, คำนี้มักใช้แก่เวลา ท้องที่ หรือถิ่นที่มีลักษณะเช่นนั้น เช่น กันดารข้าว กันดารน้ำ คราวกันดาร ทางกันดาร ที่กันดาร.
[นาม] ป่าดง, ทางลำบาก.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiกัน-ดาน
IPAkan daːn
Royal Thai General Systemkandan

1.   [verb]
to lack

antonymอุดมสมบูรณ์ooL dohmM sohmR buunM[is] fertile; abundant; plentiful
related wordขาดแคลนkhaatL khlaaenMto lack; run out of
exampleเบี้ยกันดารbiiaF ganM daanMhardship supplement; hardship pay
phaakF eeM saanR ganM daanM naamH naiM reuH duuM laaengH
"The Northeast lacks water during the dry season."
2.   [adjective]
[is] deprived of; lacking

related wordขาดแคลนkhaatL khlaaenM[is] lacking of; short of; deficient
naiM chohnM naH bohtL theeF ganM daanM gaanM ginM yuuL bpenM bpaiM yaangL lamM baakL
"In deprived rural areas conducting one's life is difficult."

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