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Figures of Speech

อุปมาอุปไมยoopL bpaL maaM oopL bpaL maiMmetaphor; simile (the verbs เหมือน  and ดั่ง  are always used)
oopL bpaL maaM oopL bpaL maiM jamM phawH suaanL
อุปลักษณ์ ooL bpaL lakHmetaphor (the verbs คือ  and เป็น  are always used)
นามนัยnaamM naiMmetonymy
สัญลักษณ์ sanR yaH lakHsign; [figure of speech] symbol; symbolism
บุคลาธิษฐาน bookL khaH laaM thitH thaanRpersonification
การแฝงนัยgaanM faaengR naiMirony
gaanM bpraL chohtH bpraL thiiatF siiatL seeR
อุปมา oopL bpaL maaMsimile
อติพจน์aL dtiL phohtHhyperbole
อธิพจน์aL thiH phohtH[variant of อติพจน์]
การกล่าวเกินจริงgaanM glaaoL geernM jingMoverstatement
ปฏิพากย์bpaL dtiL phaakFretort; response; poetic call and response
ปฏิพากย์พจน์bpaL dtiL phaakF phohtHantithesis
ปฏิปุจฉาbpaL dtiL bpootL chaaR[formal term] rhetorical question
บุคคลวัตbookL khohnM watH[current form of บุคลาธิษฐาน ]
สัทพจน์satL phohtHonomatopoeia
ไวพจน์waiM phohtHsynonym; pun; "double-entendre" or play on words
อัพภาส apL phaatFrepeated words; repetition of syllable through the use of ประวิสรรชนีย์ in front of the root word
คำเลียนเสียงธรรมชาติkhamM liianM siiangR thamM maH chaatFonomatopoeia
สัมผัสสระsamR phatL saL raLto make a poem rhyme based on the vowel sounds; vowel rhyme
สัมผัสอักษรsamR phatL akL saawnRto alliterate
ปฏิทรรศน์bpaL dtiL thatHparadox
ปฏิรูปพจน์bpaL dtiL ruupF phohtH[figure of speech] allusion

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