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หน่วยพันธุกรรมดีเอ็นเอถูกทอนลงเป็นหน่วยย่อย ๆ ในอันที่จะวัดจำนวนของยีนว่ามีกี่ชุด
nuayL phanM thooH gamM deeM enM aehM thuukL thaawnM lohngM bpenM nuayL yaawyF yaawyF naiM anM theeF jaL watH jamM nuaanM khaawngR yeenM waaF meeM geeL chootH
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiหฺน่วย-พัน-ทุ-กัม-ดี-เอ็น-เอ-ถูก-ทอน-ลง-เป็น-หฺน่วย-ย่อย-ย่อย-ไน-อัน-ที่-จะ-วัด-จำ-นวน-ของ-ยีน-ว่า-มี-กี่-ชุด
IPAnùaj pʰan tʰúʔ kam diː ʔen ʔeː tʰùːk tʰɔːn loŋ pen nùaj jɔ̂ːj jɔ̂ːj naj ʔan tʰîː tɕàʔ wát tɕam nuːan kʰɔ̌ːŋ jiːn wâː miː kìː tɕʰút
Royal Thai General Systemnuai phanthu kam di en e thuk thon long pen nuai yoi yoi nai an thi cha wat chamnuan khong yin wa mi ki chut

 [example sentence]
definition
"To measure the number of gene copies, the cellular DNA is broken into small pieces."

notesavoid translating passive vioice unless it is a scientific or technical translation, as in this example. Notice also that the prepositional clause was rearranged in this translation.
componentsหน่วยพันธุกรรมnuayL phanM thooH gamMgenes
ดีเอ็นเอdeeM enM aehM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword, "DNA"]
ถูก thuukL[a verb particle reflecting passive voice]
ทอน thaawnMto divide up
ลง lohngMdown
เป็น bpenMto be; <subject> is
หน่วย nuayL[any] unit of measurement; digit; unit; [money] denomination
ย่อย ๆyaawyF yaawyFvery tiny; very small
ใน naiMin; inside; within; amidst; into; on; at a particular time
อัน anMitem; a small thing; piece
ที่ theeFat; on the site of; within; amidst; in the location of
จะ jaL[auxiliary verb indicating future tense—must be used with another verb] will; shall
วัด watHto measure
จำนวน jamM nuaanMamount; number; quantity
ของ khaawngRof; belonging to; that or those of; [a word used with a pronoun to indicate possesion, as in "John's truck"]
ยีนyeenM[Thai transcription of the foreign loanword] gene
ว่า waaF[proposition complementizer] that...; as... [see examples]
มี meeMto have or possess; to be available
กี่ geeLhow many
ชุด chootH[numerical classifier for certain collections or sets (e.g. bathing suit, calendar, coffee table)]

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