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เมื่อกระฎุมพีเริ่มขยายตัวก็พบว่าอำนาจของศักดินาที่ยังตกค้างอยู่ เป็นอุปสรรคต่อการเพิ่มพูนโภคทรัพย์และอำนาจของตน
meuuaF graL doomM pheeM reermF khaL yaaiR dtuaaM gaawF phohpH waaF amM naatF khaawngR sakL diL naaM theeF yangM dtohkL khaangH yuuL bpenM oopL bpaL sakL dtaawL gaanM pheermF phuunM pho:hkF khaH sapH laeH amM naatF khaawngR dtohnM
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiเมื่อ-กฺระ-ดุม-พี-เริ่ม-ขะ-หฺยาย-ตัว-ก้อ-พบ-ว่า-อำ-นาด-ของ-สัก-ดิ-นา-ที่-ยัง-ตก-ค้าง-หฺยู่-เป็น-อุบ-ปะ-สัก-ต่อ-กาน-เพิ่ม-พูน-โพก-คะ-ซับ-และ-อำ-นาด-ของ-ตน
IPAmɯ̂ːa kràʔ dum pʰiː rɤ̂ːm kʰà jǎːj tuːa kɔ̂ː pʰóp wâː ʔam nâːt kʰɔ̌ːŋ sàk dìʔ naː tʰîː jaŋ tòk kʰáːŋ jùː pen ʔùp pà sàk tɔ̀ː kaːn pʰɤ̂ːm pʰuːn pʰôːk kʰá sáp lɛ́ʔ ʔam nâːt kʰɔ̌ːŋ ton
Royal Thai General Systemmuea kradumphi roem khayai tua ko phop wa amnat khong sakdina thi yang tok khang yu pen uppasak to kan phoem phun phokkhasap lae amnat khong ton

 [example sentence]
definition
"When the middle class bourgeois began to expand in number they found that the residual power of the landed gentry was a barrier to the accumulation of their own wealth and power."

componentsเมื่อ meuuaF[indicating a point in time] when; on (a date)
กระฎุมพี graL doomM pheeMbourgeosie; man of wealth
เริ่ม reermFto begin; to start; commence
ขยายตัวkhaL yaaiR dtuaaMto expand; enlarge; inflate [intransitive]
ก็ gaawFalso; too; as well; well...; [suggestion] should...
พบ phohpHto meet or rendezvous; locate; find; encounter; experience; discover
ว่า waaF[proposition complementizer] that...; as... [see examples]
อำนาจ amM naatFauthority; power
ของ khaawngRof; belonging to; that or those of; [a word used with a pronoun to indicate possesion, as in "John's truck"]
ศักดินาsakL diL naaMstatus in terms of land, counted in rai; right to the possession of farmland
ที่ theeF[the relative pronouns] that; which; which is...
ยัง yangMyet; since; not yet; still
ตกค้างdtohkL khaangHto be left over; to be remaining; to be left behind
อยู่ yuuL[marker indicating the progressive or perfect aspect]
เป็นอุปสรรคbpenM oopL bpaL sakLto snag; to impede; to obstruct
ต่อ dtaawLagainst; towards; to; further; on; for
การ gaanM[placed before a verb or noun to create a noun which indicates a general activity, process, or state] the process of..., the activity of..., an enactment of..., the state of... [see notes]
เพิ่มพูนโภคทรัพย์pheermF phuunM pho:hkF khaH sapHto accumulate wealth
และ laeHand
อำนาจ amM naatFauthority; power
ของ khaawngRof; belonging to; that or those of; [a word used with a pronoun to indicate possesion, as in "John's truck"]
ตน dtohnMself; person; man; oneself

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