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คำกริยาหมายกาลและคำกริยาช่วย
Thai Aspect Markers and Auxiliaries
 

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ขึ้น kheunF[semi-perfective aspect marker]
ขึ้น kheunF[directional auxiliary indicating "upward", "increased", or "more"]
เข้า khaoF[imperfective aspect marker]
เข้า khaoF[directional auxiliary indicating "entry"]
เคย kheeuyM[aspect marker meaning "once" or "ever"]
จบ johpL[aspect marker meaning "stopped" or "ended"]
จะ jaL[imminent aspect marker]
ได้ daiF[aspect marker indicating present and present perfect—action which happened in the past and continues to the present]
ต่อ dtaawL[aspect marker denoting "continuation"]
ไป bpaiM[directional auxiliary meaning "away"]
ไป bpaiM[perfective aspect marker indicating "completed"]
ไป bpaiM[aspect marker indicating time duration (continuity into the future)] for; since; forward
มา maaM[aspect marker indicating past or present perfect tense (continuity from the past)]
มา maaM[directional auxiliary inticating "approach" or "toward the object"]
เริ่ม reermF[aspect marker meaning "beginning"]
ลง lohngM[directional auxiliary indicating "downward" or "reduction"]
ไว้ waiH[aspect marker indicating a completed event which is considered beneficial]
เสร็จ setL[aspect marker meaning "finished" or "completed"]
เสีย siiaR[perfective aspect marker indicating "completed" or "destroyed"]
อยู่ yuuL[marker indicating the progressive or perfect aspect]
ออก aawkL[resultative grammatical marker; directional auxiliary meaning "away" or "out"]
เอา aoM[an aspect marker used to indicate a negative consequence affecting someone or something] to get back at someone for some action; take revenge
แล้ว laaeoH[adverbial word indicating past tense or aspect marker indicating present perfect (past continued to present)] in the past; completed; still; to make done
กำลัง gamM langM[auxiliary verb indicating the present participle, meaning "in the act of", similar to the English suffix, "-ing"]
เพิ่ง pheerngF[auxiliary verb] just; recently

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