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กระดูกสันหลังของชาติ
graL duukL sanR langR khaawngR chaatF
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiกฺระ-ดูก-สัน-หฺลัง-ของ-ชาด
IPAkràʔ dùːk sǎn lǎŋ kʰɔ̌ːŋ tɕʰâːt
Royal Thai General Systemkraduk san lang khong chat

 [noun, idiom]
definition
[an idiom comparing the rice farmers as] the pillar/backbone of the country

componentsกระดูก  graL duukLbone
สัน sanRthe long line of the back; backbone; knife edge
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
ของ khaawngRof; belonging to; that or those of; [a word used with a pronoun to indicate possesion, as in "John's truck"]
ชาติ chaatFnational; of a nation; race; of a country
related wordsค่าโดยสารkhaaF dooyM saanRfare, the fee paid for transportation
ชาวนาchaaoM naaMrice farmer
ชาวไร่ชาวนาchaaoM raiF chaaoM naaMfarmer; agriculturalist
หลังสู้ฟ้า หน้าสู้ดินlangR suuF faaH naaF suuF dinM[an idiom indicating how farmers work and the arduousness of their work] "back against the sky; face against the land/soil/paddy field"
sample
sentence
มันคือวิถีชีวิตดั้งเดิมของเกษตรกรไทยผู้เป็นกระดูกสันหลังของชาติ ราว 60-70% จากจำนวนประชากรทั้งประเทศ
manM kheuuM wiH theeR cheeM witH dangF deermM khaawngR gaL saehtL dtraL gaawnM thaiM phuuF bpenM graL duukL sanR langR khaawngR chaatF raaoM jaakL jamM nuaanM bpraL chaaM gaawnM thangH bpraL thaehtF
"This is the traditional way of life of the Thai farmer who constitute the backbone of the nation and comprises 60-70 percent of the population."

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