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มาตรา ๓๗ บุคคลไม่ต้องรับโทษอาญา เว้นแต่ได้กระทำการอันกฎหมายที่ใช้อยู่ในเวลาที่กระทำนั้นบัญญัติเป็นความผิดและกำหนดโทษไว้
maatF dtraaM saamR sipL jetL bookL khohnM maiF dtawngF rapH tho:htF aaM yaaM wenH dtaaeL daiF graL thamM gaanM anM gohtL maaiR theeF chaiH yuuL naiM waehM laaM theeF graL thamM nanH banM yatL bpenM khwaamM phitL laeH gamM nohtL tho:htF waiH
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiมาด-ตฺรา-สาม-สิบ-เจ็ด-บุก-คน-ไม่-ต็้อง-รับ-โทด-อา-ยา-เว้น-แต่-ได้-กฺระ-ทำ-กาน-อัน-กด-หฺมาย-ที่-ไช้-หฺยู่-ไน-เว-ลา-ที่-กฺระ-ทำ-นั้น-บัน-หฺยัด-เป็น-คฺวาม-ผิด-และ-กำ-หฺนด-โทด-ไว้
IPAmâːt traː sǎːm sìp tɕèt bùk kʰon mâj tɔ̂ŋ ráp tʰôːt ʔaː jaː wén tɛ̀ː dâj kràʔ tʰam kaːn ʔan kòt mǎːj tʰîː tɕʰáj jùː naj weː laː tʰîː kràʔ tʰam nán ban jàt pen kʰwaːm pʰìt lɛ́ʔ kam nòt tʰôːt wáj
Royal Thai General Systemmattra samsipchet bukkhon mai tong rap thot aya wen tae dai kra tham kan an kot mai thi chai yu nai wela thi kra tham nan banyat pen khwam phit lae kamnot thot wai

 [example sentence]
definition
"Article 37. No one shall be punished for a crime except for any action which violated the law in existence at the time such action was committed and a punishment was associated with the crime at that time. [prohibition against ex post facto laws]."

categories
componentsมาตราmaatF dtraaM(legal) clause; article; section; provision
๓๗saamR sipL jetL[Thai digits] 37
บุคคล bookL khohnMperson; individual; man; commoner
ไม่ maiFnot; no
ต้อง dtawngF[auxiliary verb] has to...; must...; is required to...; is duty-bound to...
รับโทษrapH tho:htF[is] punished, penalized, chastised, sentenced
อาญา aaM yaaMcriminal; [incurring a] penalty
เว้นแต่wenH dtaaeLexcept; unless
ได้ daiF[aspect marker indicating present and present perfect—action which happened in the past and continues to the present]
กระทำgraL thamMto do; make; perform; carry out; act
การ gaanMwork; job; task; business; duty; action [can be placed before or after a word—see notes]
อัน anM[the formal relative pronouns] that; which
กฎหมายgohtL maaiRlaw
ที่ theeF[the relative pronouns] that; which; which is...
ใช้ chaiHto use, to employ or exploit an object; to utilize; to resort to; to implement
อยู่ yuuL[marker indicating the progressive or perfect aspect]
ใน naiMin; inside; within; amidst; into; on; at a particular time
เวลา  waehM laaM[general] time [as in space and time]
ที่ theeF[the relative pronouns] that; which; which is...
กระทำgraL thamMto do; make; perform; carry out; act
นั้น nanHthat one; object at a medium distance; those
บัญญัติbanM yatLto lay down; enact; formulate; draw up; constitute; establish; prescribe; provide; decree; enact; regulate
เป็น bpenMto be; <subject> is
ความผิดkhwaamM phitLmistake; fault; crime; illegal activity
และ laeHand
กำหนด gamM nohtLto schedule; set; limit; appoint; settle; condition; agree upon; assign; specify; define; establish
โทษ tho:htFpunishment; penalty; penance; guilt; blame; offence; crime; penalty; ill-effect; harm; danger; fault; defect; sinfulness; misdeed
ไว้ waiH[aspect marker indicating a completed event which is considered beneficial]

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