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สำรอง  samR raawngM 
contents of this page
1.reserves; reserve; an understudy; an extra; bench player keep; reserve; hold back; retain
3.[is] secondary; in reserve; substitute; spare

Royal Institute - 1982
สำรอง ๑  /สำ-รอง/
[นาม] ชื่อไม้ต้นขนาดใหญ่ชนิด Scaphium macropodum Beaumée ในวงศ์ Sterculiaceae ผลแช่น้ำแล้วพองเป็นวุ้น ใช้กินกับน้ำตาลและใช้ทำยาได้ เรียก พุงทะลาย.
สำรอง ๒  /สำ-รอง/
[กริยา] มีไว้หรือตระเตรียมไว้เผื่อเหลือเผื่อขาด.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiสำ-รอง
IPAsǎm rɔːŋ
Royal Thai General Systemsamrong

1.   [noun, adjective]
reserves; reserve; an understudy; an extra; bench player

examplesทุนสำรองthoonM samR raawngMreserves; reserve funds
ตัวสำรองdtuaaM samR raawngM[of a play or film] an understudy; second-string (in football or other team sports)
กำลังสำรองgamM langM samR raawngMreserve power; reserve force; reserve troops; reinforcement
กุญแจสำรองgoonM jaaeM samR raawngMspare key
baawM riH satL daiF dtriiamM namH manM samR raawngM deernM khreuuangF bpanL faiM pheuuaF haiF gaanM seuuL saanR maiF khatL khaawngF
"The company prepared a back-up oil supply to run the electrical generator so that communications would not be interrupted."
2.   [verb]
to keep; reserve; hold back; retain

exampleสำรองจ่ายsamR raawngM jaaiLto advance money on someone's behalf (with the expectation of repayment)
กรุณาสำรองที่แต่เนิ่น ๆ เพื่อเลี่ยงความผิดหวัง
gaL rooH naaM samR raawngM theeF dtaaeL neernF neernF pheuuaF liiangF khwaamM phitL wangR
"Please book early to avoid disappointment."
เพราะต้องการปิดโครงการ และต้องการกระแสเงินสดเข้ามาสำรอง
phrawH dtawngF gaanM bpitL khro:hngM gaanM laeH dtawngF gaanM graL saaeR ngernM sohtL khaoF maaM samR raawngM
"[The companies are doing this] because they want to complete the projects and want the additional cash flow [that the projects generate]."
[is] secondary; in reserve; substitute; spare

examplesเก็บสำรองgepL samR raawngMto hold in reserve
แผนสำรองphaaenR samR raawngMback up plan
singL euunL yangM phaawM meeM samR raawngM
"All the other things were irrelevant."

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