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ด้วยความที่ควายลุยงานหนักมาหลายปีและแก่มากแล้ว ตามสันหลังของมันจึงปรากฏคลื่นกระดูกซึ่งปูดขึ้นมาปานจะทะลุผิวหนัง
duayF khwaamM theeF khwaaiM luyM ngaanM nakL maaM laaiR bpeeM laeH gaaeL maakF laaeoH dtaamM sanR langR khaawngR manM jeungM bpraaM gohtL khleuunF graL duukL seungF bpuutL kheunF maaM bpaanM jaL thaH looH phiuR nangR
pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiด้วย-คฺวาม-ที่-คฺวาย-ลุย-งาน-หฺนัก-มา-หฺลาย-ปี-และ-แก่-มาก-แล้ว-ตาม-สัน-หฺลัง-ของ-มัน-จึง-ปฺรา-กด-คฺลื่น-กฺระ-ดูก-ซึ่ง-ปูด-คึ่น-มา-ปาน-จะ-ทะ-ลุ-ผิว-หฺนัง
IPAdûaj kʰwaːm tʰîː kʰwaːj luj ŋaːn nàk maː lǎːj piː lɛ́ʔ kɛ̀ː mâːk lɛ́ːw taːm sǎn lǎŋ kʰɔ̌ːŋ man tɕɯŋ praː kòt kʰlɯ̂ːn kràʔ dùːk sɯ̂ŋ pùːt kʰɯ̂n maː paːn tɕàʔ tʰáʔ lúʔ pʰǐw nǎŋ
Royal Thai General Systemduai khwam thi khwai lui ngan nak ma lai pi lae kae mak laeo tam san lang khong man chueng prakot khluen kraduk sueng put khuen ma pan cha thalu phio nang

 [example sentence]
"Because the water buffalo was old and had waded through its tedious work for so many years, [you could] see the ripples of bone along its back which look like they are about to pierce through its hide."

componentsด้วย duayFtogether; along with; also; too; as well; likewise; in addition to doing some other thing (as another action performed by the same subject)
ความ khwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ที่ theeF[the relative pronouns] that; which; which is...
ควาย  khwaaiM[general] water buffalo
ลุยงานluyM ngaanMto get through work; slog through difficult work; work hard
หนัก nakL[is] heavy; laden; fully loaded; weighing
มา maaM[aspect marker indicating past or present perfect tense (continuity from the past)]
หลาย laaiRseveral; numerous; a variety; many; sundry; diverse; [the prefix] "multi-"; many
ปี bpeeMyear; annum; annual
และ laeHand
แก่ gaaeL[of a person or animal] [is] old; aged
มาก maakFmuch; many; very; more; so much; a great deal; seriously
แล้ว laaeoH[adverbial word indicating past tense or aspect marker indicating present perfect (past continued to present)] in the past; completed; still; to make done
ตาม dtaamMto follow; along; around
สันหลังsanR langR[of human body] the spine or spinal column [used figuratively, usually with ชาวนา (rice farmer) and เกษตรกร] the main operative force
ของมันkhaawngR manMits; belonging to it; their; belonging to them
จึง jeungMthus; therefore; so
ปรากฏ bpraaM gohtLto appear; to seem; to reveal
คลื่น  khleuunFfrequency; wave; ripple; surge; surf
กระดูก  graL duukLbone
ซึ่ง seungF[the relative pronouns] that; which
ปูด bpuutLto swell; to bulge
ขึ้นมาkheunF maaMto come up; arise; move upward; increase; happen; occur
ปาน bpaanMas if; like; as; thus
จะ jaL[imminent aspect marker]
ทะลุ thaH looHto be punctured; to be pierced; to have a hole
ผิวหนังphiuR nangRskin

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