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แข็งกร้าว  khaengR graaoF
Royal Institute - 1982
แข็งกร้าว  /แข็ง-กฺร้าว/
[วิเศษณ์] แข็งกระด้าง, ไม่นุ่มนวล.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiแข็ง-กฺร้าว
IPAkʰɛ̌ŋ krâːw
Royal Thai General Systemkhaengkrao

 [adjective]
definition
[is] harsh; stiff; tough

synonymแข็งกระด้างkhaengR graL daangF[is] rough; stiff; harsh
related wordsกร้าวแกร่งgraaoF graengL[is] tough; unyielding; strong
แข็งแกร่งkhaengR graengL[is] vigorous; strong; unyielding
แข็งแรงkhaengR raaengM[is] strong; powerful; sturdy; firm
แข็งกระด้างkhaengR graL daangF[is] rough; stiff; harsh
sample
sentences
เมื่อเกิดปัญหาความขัดแย้งที่บริเวณพื้นที่ทับซ้อน ปฏิกิริยาของกัมพูชาจึงค่อนข้างแข็งกร้าว
meuuaF geertL bpanM haaR khwaamM khatL yaaengH theeF baawM riH waehnM pheuunH theeF thapH saawnH bpaL dtiL giL riH yaaM khaawngR gamM phuuM chaaM jeungM khaawnF khaangF khaengR graaoF
"When the problem of disagreements arose regarding the disputed area, the reaction of the Cambodians was rather harsh."
ทำไมเขาต้องพูดเสียงแข็งกร้าวกับเธออย่างนี้
thamM maiM khaoR dtawngF phuutF siiangR khaengR graaoF gapL thuuhrM yaangL neeH
"Why does he have speak to her in such a harsh voice?"
นโยบายของรัฐบาลไทยแข็งกร้าวกับอินโดจีน แต่อ่อนข้อให้กับสหรัฐ
naH yo:hM baaiM khaawngR ratH thaL baanM thaiM khaengR graaoF gapL inM do:hM jeenM dtaaeL aawnL khaawF haiF gapL saL haL ratH
"The [foreign] policy of the Thai government is to be tough and unyielding with [its fellow nations in] Indochina, but to be submissive to the United States."

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