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ohtL glanF
Royal Institute - 1982
อดกลั้น  /อด-กฺลั้น/
[กริยา] ระงับใจ.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiอด-กฺลั้น
IPAʔòt klân
Royal Thai General Systemot klan

1.   [verb, transitive, intransitive, phrase]
to restrain (e.g. one's anger); tolerate; be patient; suppress; endure; bear

componentsอด ohtLto abstain (from food, e.g.); fast; refrain; cease
กลั้น glanFto restrain; suppress; hold back; control by will; refrain
synonymsกล้ำกลืน glamF gleuunMto tolerate; [is] patient; suppress; endure; bear
ทน thohnMto bear; stand; put up with; tolerate; endure; last
ฝืนทนfeuunR thohnMto tolerate; endure; bear
exampleอดทนอดกลั้นohtL thohnM ohtL glanFto tolerate; tough it out
นโยบายอดทนอดกลั้น และพยายามเจรจามาตลอดของเราต้องทบทวน
naH yo:hM baaiM ohtL thohnM ohtL glanF laeH phaH yaaM yaamM jaehnM raH jaaM maaM dtaL laawtL khaawngR raoM dtawngF thohpH thuaanM
"We have to reconsider our policy of restraint and our attempts at negotiations."
พ่อสอนให้ลูกมีความเพียรและอดกลั้น พ่อสอนให้ลูกไม่เห็นแก่ตัว ให้เห็นแก่ส่วนรวม
phaawF saawnR haiF luukF meeM khwaamM phiianM laeH ohtL glanF phaawF saawnR haiF luukF maiF henR gaaeL dtuaaM haiF henR gaaeL suaanL ruaamM
"[Their] father taught his children to be diligent and tolerant; he taught them not to be selfish but to work for the common good."
2. ความอดกลั้น  khwaamM ohtL glanF  
tolerance; toleration

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
อด ohtLto abstain (from food, e.g.); fast; refrain; cease
กลั้น glanFto restrain; suppress; hold back; control by will; refrain
synonymขันติธรรมkhanR dtiL thamMtoleration; tolerance
ผมอยากฝากบอกไปยังคนกรุงเทพฯให้ช่วยกันปกป้องประเทศด้วยสันติ และสร้างสรรค์ทั้งนี้เพื่อหลีกเลี่ยงการปะทะ ขอให้ใช้ความอดกลั้นให้ได้มากที่สุด
phohmR yaakL faakL baawkL bpaiM yangM khohnM groongM thaehpF haiF chuayF ganM bpohkL bpaawngF bpraL thaehtF duayF sanR dtiL laeH saangF sanR thangH neeH pheuuaF leekL liiangF gaanM bpaL thaH khaawR haiF chaiH khwaamM ohtL glanF haiF daiF maakF theeF sootL
"I want to leave this thought with the people of Bangkok: help each other protect our country peacefully and constructively in order to avoid any confrontation; please exercise the maximum amount of tolerance."

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