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ทดแทน
thohtH thaaenM
Royal Institute - 1982
ทดแทน  /ทด-แทน/
[กริยา] ตอบแทน, ชดเชย.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiทด-แทน
IPAtʰót tʰɛːn
Royal Thai General Systemthot thaen

1.   [verb, transitive]
definition
to return; pay back (an obligation); reward; compensate; recompense (for losses); indemnify; reimburse; replace (casualties); substitute for

componentsทด thohtHto reciprocate; repay; give in return; recompense; reimburse
แทน thaaenMto subsitute; represent; replace
examplesกองทุนทดแทนgaawngM thoonM thohtH thaaenM“Replacement Funds” — “Substitute Funds” — “Compensation Funds”
เงินสินไหมทดแทนngernM sinR maiR thohtH thaaenMa fine
ค่าทดแทนkhaaF thohtH thaaenMrecompensation; repayment
พลังงานทดแทนphaH langM ngaanM thohtH thaaenMalternative energy
เกลือทดแทนgleuuaM thohtH thaaenMsalt substitute
ค่าสินไหมทดแทนkhaaF sinR maiR thohtH thaaenMindemnity; recompense
sample
sentences
แต่การเติบโตของอีบุ๊กหรือการสั่งซื้อหนังสือผ่านออนไลน์ยังไม่สามารถเข้าไปทดแทนการจำหน่ายผ่านร้านหนังสือได้
dtaaeL gaanM dteerpL dto:hM khaawngR eeM bookH reuuR gaanM sangL seuuH nangR seuuR phaanL aawnM laiM yangM maiF saaR maatF khaoF bpaiM thohtH thaaenM gaanM jamM naaiL phaanL raanH nangR seuuR daiF
"But the growth of e-books or selling books online have not been an effective substitute for selling books through brick and mortar bookstores."
อันนำความเศร้าสลดมาสู่ครอบครัวของผู้เสียชีวิตอย่างไม่อาจจะหาอะไรมาทดแทนได้
anM namM khwaamM saoF saL lohtL maaM suuL khraawpF khruaaM khaawngR phuuF siiaR cheeM witH yaangL maiF aatL jaL haaR aL raiM maaM thohtH thaaenM daiF
"All this brings great unhappiness to the families of those who have lost their lives; these families can find nothing to replace [their loved ones]."
2. การทดแทน  gaanM thohtH thaaenM  [noun]
definition
compensation; recompense; return

componentsการgaanM[placed before a verb or noun to create a noun which indicates a general activity, process, or state] the process of..., the activity of..., an enactment of..., the state of... [see notes]
ทด thohtHto reciprocate; repay; give in return; recompense; reimburse
แทน thaaenMto subsitute; represent; replace
synonymการตอบแทนgaanM dtaawpL thaaenMcompensation; recompense; return; reward

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