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thohtH thaaenM
Royal Institute - 1982
ทดแทน  /ทด-แทน/
[กริยา] ตอบแทน, ชดเชย.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiทด-แทน
IPAtʰót tʰɛːn
Royal Thai General Systemthot thaen

1.   [verb, transitive]
to return; pay back (an obligation); reward; compensate; recompense (for losses); indemnify; reimburse; replace (casualties); substitute for

componentsทด thohtHto reciprocate; repay; give in return; recompense; reimburse
แทน thaaenMto subsitute; represent; replace
examplesกองทุนทดแทนgaawngM thoonM thohtH thaaenM“Replacement Funds” — “Substitute Funds” — “Compensation Funds”
เงินสินไหมทดแทนngernM sinR maiR thohtH thaaenMa fine
ค่าทดแทนkhaaF thohtH thaaenMrecompensation; repayment
พลังงานทดแทนphaH langM ngaanM thohtH thaaenMalternative energy
เกลือทดแทนgleuuaM thohtH thaaenMsalt substitute
ค่าสินไหมทดแทนkhaaF sinR maiR thohtH thaaenMindemnity; recompense
dtaaeL gaanM dteerpL dto:hM khaawngR eeM bookH reuuR gaanM sangL seuuH nangR seuuR phaanL aawnM laiM yangM maiF saaR maatF khaoF bpaiM thohtH thaaenM gaanM jamM naaiL phaanL raanH nangR seuuR daiF
"But the growth of e-books or selling books online have not been an effective substitute for selling books through brick and mortar bookstores."
2. การทดแทน  gaanM thohtH thaaenM  [noun]
compensation; recompense; return

componentsการgaanM[placed before a verb or noun to create a noun which indicates a general activity, process, or state] the process of..., the activity of..., an enactment of..., the state of... [see notes]
ทด thohtHto reciprocate; repay; give in return; recompense; reimburse
แทน thaaenMto subsitute; represent; replace
synonymการตอบแทนgaanM dtaawpL thaaenMcompensation; recompense; return

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