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ล้าหลัง
laaH langR
Royal Institute - 1982
ล้าหลัง  /ล้า-หฺลัง/
[วิเศษณ์] ช้าอยู่ข้างหลังเขา, ไม่ก้าวหน้า.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiล้า-หฺลัง
IPAláː lǎŋ
Royal Thai General Systemla lang

1.   [adjective]
definition
[is] outmoded; backward; obsolete

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
synonymsคร่ำครึkhramF khreuH[is] old-fashioned; out-of-date; antiquated; outmoded
ตกยุคdtohkL yookH[is] out of date; old-fashioned
ล้าสมัยlaaH saL maiR[is] old-fashioned; old fashioned; out of date; anachronistic
หมดยุคmohtL yookH[is] outdated
หมดยุคหมดสมัยmohtL yookH mohtL saL maiR[is] out of date; old-fashioned; outdated
หมดสมัยmohtL saL maiR[is] outdated; old-fashioned
2. ความล้าหลัง  khwaamM laaH langR  [noun]
definition
backwardness; underdevelopment

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
3.   [adverb]
definition
behind

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
sample
sentence
เธอหาบของเดินล้าหลังพวกแม่ค้าด้วยกัน
thuuhrM haapL khaawngR deernM laaH langR phuaakF maaeF khaaH duayF ganM
"She carried her goods on her pole, walking behind her fellow hawkers."
4.   [verb]
definition
to fall behind

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
antonymล้ำหน้าlamH naaFto get ahead of; outstrip; overtake; catch up with and surpass
sample
sentence
คนแก่มักไม่ค่อยยอมขยับยอมเปลี่ยนจนล้าหลังคนหนุ่ม
khohnM gaaeL makH maiF khaawyF yaawmM khaL yapL yaawmM bpliianL johnM laaH langR khohnM noomL
"Older people are not willing to change or alter [their way of doing things and], so they fall behind young people."

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