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laaH langR
Royal Institute - 1982
ล้าหลัง  /ล้า-หฺลัง/
[วิเศษณ์] ช้าอยู่ข้างหลังเขา, ไม่ก้าวหน้า.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiล้า-หฺลัง
IPAláː lǎŋ
Royal Thai General Systemla lang

1.   [adjective]
[is] outmoded; backward; obsolete

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
synonymsคร่ำครึkhramF khreuH[is] old-fashioned; out-of-date; antiquated; outmoded
ตกยุคdtohkL yookH[is] out of date; old-fashioned
ล้าสมัยlaaH saL maiR[is] old-fashioned; old fashioned; out of date; anachronistic
หมดยุคmohtL yookH[is] outdated
หมดยุคหมดสมัยmohtL yookH mohtL saL maiR[is] out of date; old-fashioned; outdated
หมดสมัยmohtL saL maiR[is] outdated; old-fashioned
2. ความล้าหลัง  khwaamM laaH langR  [noun]
backwardness; underdevelopment

componentsความkhwaamM[a prefix which converts an adjective or verb into a noun]
ล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
3.   [adverb]

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
thuuhrM haapL khaawngR deernM laaH langR phuaakF maaeF khaaH duayF ganM
"She carried her goods on her pole, walking behind her fellow hawkers."
4.   [verb]
to fall behind

componentsล้าlaaH[is] exhausted; fatigued; tired
หลัง langRbehind; following; at the rear
antonymล้ำหน้าlamH naaFto get ahead of; outstrip; overtake; catch up with and surpass
khohnM gaaeL makH maiF khaawyF yaawmM khaL yapL yaawmM bpliianL johnM laaH langR khohnM noomL
"Older people are not willing to change or alter [their way of doing things and], so they fall behind young people."

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