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ขมขื่น
khohmR kheuunL
Royal Institute - 1982
ขมขื่น  /ขม-ขื่น/
[กริยา] รู้สึกช้ำใจแต่ฝืนไว้ เพราะไม่สามารถแสดงออกมาได้, ขื่นขม ก็ใช้.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiขม-ขื่น
IPAkʰǒm kʰɯ̀ːn
Royal Thai General Systemkhom khuen

1.   [adjective]
definition
to feel bitter; [is] embittered; painful

componentsขม khohmR[is] bitter
ขื่นkheuunL[is] bitter-sour tasting
synonymsเดือดร้อนdeuuatL raawnH[is] agitated; irked
ทุกข์ใจthookH jaiMmental sufferings
ทุกข์ร้อนthookH raawnHto suffer; worry; [is] concerned about; [is] anxious
ร้อนใจ raawnH jaiM[is] anxious
ระทมใจraH thohmM jaiMto feel gloomy; depressed; angry
หนักใจnakL jaiM[is] heavy-hearted; troubled
sample
sentences
ฉันไม่รู้ว่าจะเดินไปข้างหน้าได้อย่างไรทุกข์ระทมขมขื่นหมดกำลังใจ
chanR maiF ruuH waaF jaL deernM bpaiM khaangF naaF daiF yaangL raiM thookH raH thohmM khohmR kheuunL mohtL gamM langM jaiM
"I don’t know how I will be able to go forward (when) I am suffering from such depression and I lack the will (to live)."
ฉันรู้ดีว่าแม่ขมขื่นเพียงไรกับการพูดจากระทบกระเทียบเสียดสีของพ่อ
chanR ruuH deeM waaF maaeF khohmR kheuunL phiiangM raiM gapL gaanM phuutF jaaM graL thohpH graL thiiapF siiatL seeR khaawngR phaawF
"I know full well how embitter mother is from father’s sarcastic and biting words."
2. ขมขื่นใจ  khohmR kheuunL jaiM  [adjective]
definition
[is] embittered

componentsขม khohmR[is] bitter
ขื่นkheuunL[is] bitter-sour tasting
sample
sentence
เด็กบางคนที่ขมขื่นใจจากชีวิตที่ต้องอยู่อย่างคับแค้นและถูกทารุณจากผู้ใหญ่ที่ตนอาศัยอยู่ด้วย ก็ขอมาอาศัยอยู่ที่สถานสงเคราะห์ด้วยเช่นกัน
dekL baangM khohnM theeF khohmR kheuunL jaiM jaakL cheeM witH theeF dtawngF yuuL yaangL khapH khaaenH laeH thuukL thaaM roonM jaakL phuuF yaiL theeF dtohnM aaM saiR yuuL duayF gaawF khaawR maaM aaM saiR yuuL theeF saL thaanR sohngR khrawH duayF chenF ganM
"Some children who are embittered from having to live under great stress and who are mistreated by the adults with whom they live also ask to come stay [at the foster home]."

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