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ฝ่า  faaL 
contents of this page
1.the palm of the hand or sole of the foot
2.to violate; disobey; infringe; trespass; go against

Royal Institute - 1982
ฝ่า ๑  /ฝ่า/
[นาม] พื้นของมือและเท้า, มักพูดคู่กันว่า ฝ่ามือฝ่าเท้า.
ฝ่า ๒  /ฝ่า/
[กริยา] กล้าผ่าน (เข้าไปหรือออกมา) หรือฝืนอยู่ในที่อันตราย, ทนรับ, ทนสู้, เช่น ฝ่าอุปสรรค ฝ่าอันตราย, ทวน เช่น ฝ่ากระแสคลื่น.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiฝ่า
IPAfàː
Royal Thai General Systemfa

1.   [noun]
definition
the palm of the hand or sole of the foot

examplesฝ่ามือfaaL meuuMthe palm of the hand
ขอเดชะฝ่าละอองธุลีพระบาทปกเกล้าปกกระหม่อม ข้าพระพุทธเจ้า...
khaawR daehM chaH faaL laH aawngM thooH leeM phraH baatL bpohkL glaoF bpohkL graL maawmL khaaF phraH phootH thaH jaoF
[royal use only] the official and formal way of addressing His Majesty the King and Her Majesty the Regent Queen in writing: "May I have Your Majesty's might (prestige, splendor). May it please Your Majesty's feet's dust covering (protecting, guarding over) my sinciput. I...(state your name and last name here)..., slave of the Lord Buddha...
ใต้ฝ่าละอองธุลีพระบาท
dtaiF faaL laH aawngM thooH leeM phraH baatL
[the formal second person singular pronoun "You" used to address His Majesty the King or Her Majesty the Regent Queen]
ใต้ฝ่าละอองพระบาทdtaiF faaL laH aawngM phraH baatLthe second person singular pronoun "You" used to formally address Her Majesty the Queen (non-regent)
ใต้ฝ่าพระบาทdtaiF faaL phraH baatLsecond person singular pronoun "You" used to address the royal family members with the royal title สมเด็จเจ้าฟ้า (Somdej Jao Faa) and พระองค์เจ้า (Phra Ong Jao)
ฝ่าพระบาทfaaL phraH baatL[royal use only — second person singular pronoun used to address:
  1. the royal family member with the royal title พระเจ้าวรวงศ์เธอ (Pra Jao Worawong Ther) who is not in charge of any of the Thai government department (ทรงกรม);
  2. the royal sub-family member (พระอนุวงศ์) with the royal title พระวรวงศ์เธอ (Pra Worawong Ther) who is in charge of a government department;
  3. the royal sub-family member with the royal title "Pra Worawong Ther" who are not in charge of any government department;
  4. a royal sub-family member with the royal title หม่อมเจ้า (Mom Jao).
] "You"
กลางฝ่ามือglaangM faaL meuuMin the middle of the palm (of one's hand)
การนวดกดจุดฝ่าเท้าgaanM nuaatF gohtL jootL faaL thaaoHReflexology
ฝ่าเท้าfaaL thaaoHsole of the foot (human)
sample
sentence
แพทย์เตือนผู้ป่วยเบาหวานที่นิยมนวดฝ่าเท้า ระวังถูกตัดขา เกิดจากการนวดรุนแรงทำให้เนื้อเยื่อชอกช้ำ
phaaetF dteuuanM phuuF bpuayL baoM waanR theeF niH yohmM nuaatF faaL thaaoH raH wangM thuukL dtatL khaaR geertL jaakL gaanM nuaatF roonM raaengM thamM haiF neuuaH yeuuaF chaawkF chamH
"Doctors warn their diabetes patients who regularly receive massage treatment to the soles of their feet to be careful. (They might) lose their legs from being massaged too vigorously; (vigorous massage) can result in bruised muscles."
as a prefixฝ่าคืบfaaL kheuupF[a unit of linear measure] a palm span
2.   [verb]
definition
to violate; disobey; infringe; trespass; go against

examplesตีฝ่าdteeM faaLto break through (the enemy line)
ฝ่าฝืนfaaL feuunRto violate
ฟันฝ่าfanM faaLto struggle; fight against; overcome; surmount
บุกป่าฝ่าดงbookL bpaaL faaL dohngMto have a difficult time; face troubles; proceed with difficulty
ฝ่าไฟแดงfaaL faiM daaengMto run a red light
sample
sentences
เพราะกว่าจะฝ่าดงรถอันแสนจะแออัดยัดเยียดในยามเช้าไปได้คงกินเวลาร่วมชั่วโมง
phrawH gwaaL jaL faaL dohngM rohtH anM saaenR jaL aaeM atL yatH yiiatF naiM yaamM chaaoH bpaiM daiF khohngM ginM waehM laaM ruaamF chuaaF mo:hngM
"Because, it is likely to take the better part of an hour before we can get through the thick jungle of morning traffic."
ฉันเดินแกมวิ่งฝ่าฝูงชนทั้งหน้าตาผมเผ้าเลอะเทอะรุงรัง
chanR deernM gaaemM wingF faaL fuungR chohnM thangH naaF dtaaM phohmR phaoF luhH thuhH roongM rangM
"I half walked, half ran, against the crowd while my looks and hair were dirty and wild."

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