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ถอด  thaawtL 
contents of this page
1.to remove; undo; strip down; dismantle; take off
2.to adapt; to transliterate; to interpret; to translate
3.[of rank] to demote; [of command] to relieve

Royal Institute - 1982
ถอด  /ถอด/
[กริยา] เอาออก เช่น ถอดเสื้อ ถอดรองเท้า ถอดยศ.
[กริยา] ถ่าย เช่น ถอดแบบมาจากพ่อจากแม่.
[กริยา] หลุดออก เช่น เล็บถอด.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiถอด
IPAtʰɔ̀ːt
Royal Thai General Systemthot

1.   [verb]
definition
to remove; undo; strip down; dismantle; take off

examples
แฟ้มหรือปกเอกสารที่ถอดออกได้ 
faaemH reuuR bpohkL aehkL gaL saanR theeF thaawtL aawkL daiF
loose leaf binder
กระดาษที่ถอดออกจากแฟ้มได้
graL daatL theeF thaawtL aawkL jaakL faaemH daiF
loose leaf paper
ถอดเสื้อผ้าthaawtL seuuaF phaaFto take off one's clothing; to strip; undress
ถอดออกthaawtL aawkLto remove; take out
ถอดรองเท้าthaawtL raawngM thaaoHtake off shoes; to remove one's shoes
ถอดเข็มขัดthaawtL khemR khatLunbuckle belt
ถอดเสื้อthaawtL seuuaFto undress; [of clothing] to take off
ถอดรหัสthaawtL raH hatLto decipher or decrypt a code
ถอดเขี้ยวถอดเล็บthaawtL khiaaoF thaawtL lepH"Remove the fangs, remove the claws" — [of a person] to become tame
ถอดเขี้ยวถอดเล็บthaawtL khiaaoF thaawtL lepH[figurative] to remove the fangs or the claws; to take the bite out.
ถอดประกอบthaawtL bpraL gaawpLto dismantle; take apart
ถอดชนวนthaawtL chaH nuaanMto defuse (a bomb or a situation, e.g.)
sample
sentences
กรุณาถอดรองเท้า
gaL rooH naaM thaawtL raawngM thaaoH
"Please remove (your) shoes."
. เมื่อเข้าบ้าน ถอดรองเท้า แต่ไม่จำเป็นต้องถอดถุงเท้า
haaF meuuaF khaoF baanF thaawtL raawngM thaaoH dtaaeL maiF jamM bpenM dtawngF thaawtL thoongR thaaoH
"5. When you enter the house, remove your shoes; but it is not necessary to remove your socks."
เขาถอดบทเรียนจากอดีตให้เป็นครู
khaoR thaawtL bohtL riianM jaakL aL deetL haiF bpenM khruuM
"They learned the lessons of history."
หญิงสาวคิดจะแจ้งเกิดโดยถอดยกทรงเต้นในงานสงกรานต์ แต่วิธีนี้กลับแป๊ก เพราะนอกจากจะไม่ได้เกิดแล้ว ยังโดนข้อหาอนาจารอีกด้วย
yingR saaoR khitH jaL jaaengF geertL dooyM thaawtL yohkH sohngM dtenF naiM ngaanM sohngR graanM dtaaeL wiH theeM neeH glapL bpaaekH phrawH naawkF jaakL jaL maiF daiF geertL laaeoH yangM do:hnM khaawF haaR aL naaM jaanM eekL duayF
"The pretty young actress decided that the best way to become famous would be to take off her bra and dance during Songkran. But it really backfired! Not only did she not become a star, she was arrested and charged with indecent exposure."
as a prefixถอดหมวกthaawtL muaakLto take off one's hat; tip one's cap; doff one's hat
2.   [verb]
definition
to adapt; to transliterate; to interpret; to translate

examplesถอดความthaawtL khwaamMto paraphrase
ถอดแบบthaawtL baaepLto model upon
ถอดถ่ายthaawtL thaaiLto transliterate
ถอดความหมายthaawtL khwaamM maaiRto translate; define; interpret
หลักเกณฑ์การถอดอักษรไทยเป็นอักษรโรมันแบบถ่ายเสียง
lakL gaehnM gaanM thaawtL akL saawnR thaiM bpenM akL saawnR ro:hM manM baaepL thaaiL siiangR
"The Principles of Phonetically Transcribing Thai Orthography into Roman Orthography"
การถอดอักษรgaanM thaawtL akL saawnRto transcribe (the orthography of one language into to orthography of another language)
3.   
definition
[of rank] to demote; [of command] to relieve

exampleถอดถอนthaawtL thaawnRto relieve from duty or command

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