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ทรมาน  thaawM raH maanM (18.) 
contents of this page
1.ทรมานthaawM raH maanMto suffer
2.ทรมานthaawM raH maanMto torture
3.ความทรมานkhwaamM thaawM raH maanMsuffering; torture

Royal Institute - 1982
ทรมาน  /ทอ-ระ-มาน/ {Pali/Sanskrit: ทมน}
[กริยา] ทำให้ลำบาก, ทำทารุณ เช่น ทรมานตัว ทรมานสัตว์, ทำให้ละพยศหรือลดทิฐิมานะลง.
[นาม] ชื่อปางพระพุทธรูปที่ขึ้นต้นด้วยคำนี้ เช่นว่า ปางทรมานช้างนาฬาคิรี ปางทรมานพญานาค.

pronunciation guide
Phonemic Thaiทอ-ระ-มาน
IPAtʰɔː rá maːn
Royal Thai General Systemthoraman

pronunciation note18. In this word, the double consonant combination กร, ทร, ธร, มร, or หร is pronounced 'gaaw ra', 'thaaw ra', 'maaw ra', or 'haaw ra' accordingly.
1.   [adjective, verb, formal, loanword, Pali]
to suffer

examplesทนทรมานthohnM thaawM raH maanMto suffer
ทุกข์ทรมานthookH thaawM raH maanM[is] miserable
ทนทุกข์ทรมานthohnM thookH thaawM raH maanMsuffer; endure suffering
ทุกข์ทรมานthookH thaawM raH maanMsuffering; painful feeling; consciousness of pain or trouble or grief; pain; agony; misery
huaangF waehM laaM anM saaenR thaawM raH maanM napH sapL daaM napH deuuanM khaawngR khohnM theeF thuukL naamH thuaamF khwaamM phaH yaaM yaamM dtaawL suuF dinF rohnM duayF raaengM gaaiM raaengM jaiM
"The extensive period – weeks and months in fact – that the flood victims have suffered; their physical and mental efforts and struggles;."
ผมคือแบบสุด แล้วอ่ะ ทรมานมาก
phohmR kheuuM baaepL sootL sootL laaeoH aL thaawM raH maanM maakF
"I was just really frantic; I was suffering."
คุณนึกดูแล้วกัน ผมเจ็บทรมาน
khoonM neukH duuM laaeoH ganM phohmR jepL thaawM raH maanM
"Think about it; I was hurt and was suffering."
2.   [verb, transitive, formal, loanword, Pali]
to torture

related wordทารุณจิตใจthaaM roonM jitL jaiMto hurt; distress; upset
dtaaeL manM gaawF bpenM khwaamM wangR theeF saaenR jaL ripH reeL laeH thaawM raH maanM leuuaR geernM
" would be a very small, but very painful hope."
3. ความทรมาน  khwaamM thaawM raH maanM  
suffering; torture

khohnM khaiF graL sapL graL saaiL duayF khwaamM thaawM raH maanM jaakL aaM gaanM khaangF khiiangM theeF meeM phohnR jaakL yaaM dtaL laawtL kheuunM
"The patient was restless and uneasy all night as he was ravaged by the side effects of the medication."

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